9th International Conference on Appropriate Technology

    Technology Exchange and Employment Creation for Community Empowerment: Cross-Pollinating Innovative Models

    November 23-27, 2020

    The INAT Board of Directors continues to monitor developments with COVID-19.  Our first priority during this time is the health and safety of members and colleagues.  Below are measures we have adopted.  Updates and new information will be posted on this website.



    The 9th ICAT will:

    1. Promote Knowledge-based Technology Exchange and the related diffusion of innovation to support Appropriate Technology (AT) practice 
    2. Identify, initiate and combine AT contributions based on both pre-modern and modern knowledge exchange in a manner that is rooted in community empowerment 
    3. Provide a forum for networking on AT solutions for the 21st century through the cross-pollinating innovative thinking in recognition, valorisation and re-appropriation of a diverse group of creative ideators

    All sessions and activities will be held virtually for the 2020 conference. 

    Keynote Speakers

    Denise Morado Nascimento

    Denise Morado Nascimento is a professor at the School of Architecture and the Graduate Program in Architecture and Urbanism at the Federal University of Minas Gerais (UFMG), Belo Horizonte, Brazil. She is a Resident Professor at the Institute for Advanced Transdisciplinary Studies/UFMG. Graduated in Architecture and Urbanism from Faculties Izabela Hendrix, Master in Architecture from the University of York (England), PhD in Information Science from the School of Information Science/UFMG and Post-Doctor in Geography from the Institute of Geosciences/UFMG. Coordinator of the PRAXIS-EA/UFMG research group and researcher of CNPq. Investigations about contemporary production of urban space, exclusion system in cities, shared and/or collaborative design and production processes, technical assistance to low-income dwellers and social movements, strategies and impacts in the formation of the State-Capital corporation and occupations, removals, evictions and resistance to the processes of production of cities.

    Fr. Godfrey Nzamujo

    Father Dr Godfrey Nzamujo is the founder and director of the Songhaï Center, a pioneering farm, training and research center in Porto-Novo, Benin. Begun in 1985 on a single hectare of land, the
    Songhaï Center has expanded to at least 17 sites in Africa, including eight in Benin and others in Nigeria, Uganda, Sierra Leone, Liberia, among other countries. With the motto 'Commitment to Excellence', Songhaï symbolizes Nzamujo's belief that Africa's ecological characteristics are advantages for a regenerative agricultural and developmental paradigm, rather than impediments.

    Father Nzamujo holds doctorates in electrical engineering and in philosophy, advanced specializations in microbiology and in the management sciences, and maintains affiliations with the University of California, Irvine, and Loyola Marymount University as a Professor of Engineering. He was awarded the Hunger Project's Africa Prize for Leadership in 1993, and is the author of two books: “Songhaï: Quand l’Afrique relève la tête” (available in English as “Songhaï: When Africa lifts up its head”) and “Songhaï: l’Afrique maintenant”. Highly influenced by the Appropriate Technology movement, Father Nzamujo also advances the concept of “Authentic Technology”, which is rooted in a systemic and holistic worldview, rather than a mechanistic one, and is informed by the principles of biomimicry rather than bio-arrogance.

    Mr. Armoogum Parsuramen

    Mr. Armoogum Parsuramen is a well-known international figure in the field of education, and is the founder and president of the Global Rainbow Foundation in Mauritius, a non-profit organization that is devoted to helping to level the playing field for differently-abled individuals. The organization constructs low-cost prosthetic limbs for those who have lost theirs, offers them associated therapy, and ultimately restores their dignity as fully-functioning members of society.

    Mr. Parsuramen has served as Minister of Education, Arts, Culture and Science in Mauritius from 1983 to 1995. He then joined the World Bank (1997-1998) as a “Senior Advisor” in Washington D.C. before taking the post of Director at UNESCO offices in France, Senegal, and India (1998-2011). He has also been conferred an Honorary Doctorate by the Governor of Tamil Nadu and Chancellor of Tamil University for his contributions to the field of education. Mr. Parsuramen is first and foremost, a man of faith and spiritual maturity, he feels a profound gratitude for what he has received in life, and wishes to give back those gifts by serving humanity. In 2019, he was chosen as an ambassador for the Rise & Shine European Union campaign, and was nominated as the Regional Representative for Africa by the Commonwealth of Learning (COL) Board of Governors. Highly humbled by these nominations, Mr. Parsuramen believes that the platforms will allow him to further consolidate his mission to serve the most vulnerable.

    Dr. Lynn A. Keeys

    A creative visionary and strategist, Dr. Keeys is enthusiastic about the importance of building the project management skills across Africa and achieving positive organizational and societal impact. A former diplomat with US Agency for International Development and international consultant, Dr. Keeys draws on 30 years of experience in adaptive and emergent strategy, portfolio, program and project management, benefits co-creation and organizational leadership in the international and sustainable development field.

    A pracademic (melding academics with practice), she is adjunct faculty at the Skema Business School, Paris Campus, is a visiting research fellow at the Project Management Group, WU Vienna University of Economics and was part-time faculty, Boston University Metropolitan College Master’s program in project management from 2014- 2017.   She is a published author and international conference presenter. An academic journal reviewer, she is a member of the Editorial Board of the International Journal of Project Management. Since 2016, She is the President, South Africa Chapter of the Project Management Institute since November 2016. She is a lover and collector of African art, likes the outdoors, enjoys a sports challenge and loves creating in her vegetable garden, when she finds the time. She is a film buff, especially of old cinema and independent films, which will keep her talking for hours.

    Ambassador Josefa Leonel Correia Sacko

    Ambassador Josefa Leonel Correia Sacko, an Angolan national, is a leading African Agronomist. She is the Commissioner for Rural Economy and Agriculture of the African Union Commission. Prior to her election, she was Special Adviser to two Ministers in Angola. Firstly, the Angolan Minister of Environment where she also served as Ambassador responsible for Climate Change. And secondly, advisor to the Minister of Agriculture. Ambassador Josefa Sacko oversaw Food Security, Eradication of Hunger and Poverty Reduction.

    Ambassador Josefa Sacko was also the former Secretary General of the Inter African Coffee Organization (IACO) for 13 years in Cote D’Ivoire where she oversaw the coffee economy of 25 African Coffee producing countries. During her tenure, she successfully advocated for the empowerment of small scale coffee farmers across the continent by setting up Regional Centres of Excellence for Capacity Building of Member States, on Genetic Material Conservation, Coffee Quality Improvement and Cup Tasting Liquor in Cote d’Ivoire, Uganda, Cameroon and Zambia.

    Madam Sacko has built up her international profile and reputation by either consulting or working with several Regional, and Global Institutional on Agriculture including the World Trade Organization (WTO), African Union (AU), International Coffee Organization (ICO), African Development Bank (AfDB), African Export Import Bank (AFREXIMBANK), (FAO), UNECA, NEPAD etc.

    As a strong advocate of gender empowerment and strengthening the role of small farmers in Africa, she has over the years worked with Regional Economic Communities (RECS), such as SADC, COMESA, ECOWAS and EAC, to address the challenges encountered by small scale farmers in Africa, and ensuring that they remain a central focus in regional and national policy making.
    Madam Sacko is fluent in five languages. She speaks Portuguese, French, English, Spanish and Lingala.

    Joseph Mudau

    Joseph Mudau is the Head of Training and Organizational Development at Gibela Rail Transport Consortium known as Gibela. A black economic empowerment (BEE) consortium comprising Alstom, Ubumbano Rail and New Africa Rail, a company that was awarded a contract by the Passenger Rail Agency of South Africa (PRASA) to build 600 new passenger trains.

    He holds IT qualifications and Masters In Business Administrations from Tshwane University of Technology. He is also a Doctoral candidate at the same university. Mr Mudau started his career as an IT Professional and academic, and later moved to Strategic Human Capital specializing in strategy development, training and development, Operations and Project management. He has worked for local and international companies, to name just a few; Thyssenkrupp, Bombardier and others.

    He is the current chairperson of the board for Rail Manufacturing Centre for Entrepreneurship Rapid Incubator (RMCERI NPC). The enterprise Incubation Programme is aimed at converting research projects to established micro / small enterprises. Mr Mudau is also the chairperson of the Gibela Research Chair Steering Committee, established between Gibela and Tshwane University of Technology. The research chair’s focus is on special research project, masters and PhD supervision including the development of short learning programmes aimed at assisting industries to resolve industry specific challenges.

    Mr Mudau is also an established Author, Brand Strategist and Speaker who travels across the country and abroad to inspire young people with the message of hope. He is a regular guest for SABC radios, Commercial and Community Radios; he has appeared on several TV programs.

    Mr Mudau’s philosophy is that “We all have a seed of greatness regardless of our background or level of education, Life has Great Possibilities”. He also subscribes to values of Respect, Excellence, Teamwork and Time Management.


    Workshops will be held throughout the conference. The purpose of the workshops is to provide participants with a more in depth experience of the particular technologies presented during the conference, and to promote Appropriate Technology as a relevant field for technology practitioners. Unless otherwise specified, cost of participation in workshops is included in conference registration.

    All workshops will be held virtually.

    Full-day Workshops

    Appropriate Technology for Medium Scale Farms
    Monday 23 Nov - Tuesday 24 Nov

    To bring together representatives of Medium Scale Farming Enterprises (MSFEs), extensionists, agricultural researchers, economists, and public policy leaders for collaborative discussion, problem-solving, and strategy development on the following: a) explore barriers and solutions to farm productivity, b) identify resource gaps, c) adoption of appropriate/sustainable farming practices, d) collaboration on farm to market challenges, e) collaboration on agricultural value-add commodities and their derivative products.

    Further, to shape the development of truly sustainable farm management and animal husbandry amongst MSFEs that result in triple bottom line performance - healthy environment, economic profitability, social and economic equity.
    PhD Colloquium
    Monday 23 Nov

    Africana Post Graduate Academy (APGA) will run a research workshop entitled "How to do Original and Novel Research in this Covid-19 Time: Epistemological Fusion and Unity of Knowledge Using the Current Digital ICT". The workshop will cover:

    1. Motivational lectures from senior scholars
    2. Panel on social/human sciences/ natural and engineering
    3. How to do work-integrated, project, problem and action based novel research
    4. Post-graduate paper presentation
    5. Feedback from senior and fellow presenters
    6. Draft papers that can can be submitted to journals like https://sarchi.org/jcise/

    2-hour Workshops

    Augmented Reality

    Goal: To inspire participants with an introduction to using Unreal programming platform to developing augmented reality software that will be useful in training. This can be useful in training workers or it can be infused in academic courses.

    Pre-requisites: Participants will be required to download Unreal software and view a 45 minute YouTube video on Unreal in advance of the workshop.
    Ethics & Appropriate Technology Workshop

    Goal: To inspire participants in expanding the acceptance of the INAT AT Declaration and engaging in the further development of an AT manifesto and impacting of technology policy to address AT.
    Business Matters Workshop

    Goal: To provide the audience with information about how 4 successful African AT business examples were created or run by women and empower attendees with feedback and guidance to assist them develop their own enterprise ideas.
    Socially Relevant Research

    Goal: To inspire researchers at universities and research agencies to focus on research that has high social relevance by gaining a better understanding of options in making research more socially relevant.
    Raspberry Pi for Prototyping

    Goal: Give an introduction to the capabilities of the Raspberry Pi as a computer, and as a microcontroller board to build “smart” physical projects. Introduce some of the sensors, motors, switches, and other input/output peripherals available, and show how to interact with them through the Raspberry Pi’s general purpose input/output (GPIO) pins. Show participants how to use tools to simulate Raspberry Pi GPIO activity in case they do not have a Raspberry Pi available.

    Pre-requisites: Participants can follow along on the presenter’s screen, and use software tools to simulate the Raspberry Pi, but participants may get the most out of the session if they can follow along with an actual device. We will provide links to kits that participants can order beforehand, that run anywhere from $30 to $100 USD.
    Open Building and Appropriate Technology

    For those unfamiliar with Open Building, please visit this link which will give you a background to the concept: http://uj-unit2.co.za/open-building-versus-architecture-or-open-building-as-architecture/. Open Building and Appropriate Technology have many overlaps in terms of the following:

    1. Democratising the building process - involving many in the design and implementation process
    2. Building as a social process and how to the built environment is based on social structures and relationships
    3. The development of small construction enterprises and skills transfer in the construction process
    4. Open Building as a tool to manage complexity in the Built Environment ecosystem

    We will be hosting several speakers well-known in the field and this will be an interactive session. Register for the Open Building and Appropriate Technology workshop at http://architectureandagency.co.za/workshop-registration/.

    Technology Fair

    The primary goal in the development of Appropriate Technology, as declared by INAT, is for science and technology to work toward worldwide egalitarianism where all people have equal access to resources that meet basic needs. It is against this backdrop that the 9th International Conference on Appropriate Technology (9th ICAT) is hosting a Virtual Technology Fair.

    The Tech Fair at the 9th ICAT will provide an excellent opportunity for individuals and organisations to display their innovative technological interventions. It is open to university researchers, start-up ventures, SMEs as well as larger established enterprises. Please submit an abstract of 100-200 words explaining your intervention. Each exhibitor will be allowed to submit a 5-10 minute video that provides details of your work. The virtual exhibits will also include a one-minute video clip introducing your innovative work that will be widely distributed in advance of the conference. This will be aired multiple times during the conference. Both videos will be available through our website during and after the conference. Each exhibitor will have access to a live online interactive room during the conference to exchange ideas in real time. In order to make this experience meaningful we will limit the number of exhibits. Apply now to get one of these limited opportunities. The virtual exhibitors will reach out and communicate to a broader audience, both at the fair, before the fair on our website and through the publications and online exchanges that will follow the conference. Participation in the Tech Fair will provide an opportunity to network with other exhibitors and conference participants and benefit from the exposure to other virtual technology suites that have implications for your field of work.

    The Virtual Tech Fair will open on 23 November and run through 26 November 2020. The purpose of the fair is to provide participants with an experience of the technologies discussed and presented during the conference, and to promote Appropriate Technology as a relevant field for technology developers.

    Abstract submission deadline: October 2, 2020
    Notification of acceptance: October 9, 2020
    Final exhibition submission: October 16, 2020

    The Tech Fair is free to university researchers and Start-up ventures.
    Cost to SMEs – R 5000
    Large enterprises and multinationals – R 10 000

    To submit your abstract and your videos, you must have a personal Google account, or a G Suite account through your organization. If you do not have a Google account you can create one when you visit the Tech Fair submission form.


    This is a great opportunity to showcase your research work!

    For post-graduate and emerging researchers, it is also an opportunity to refine research concepts towards the completion of a full paper or a journal article. We aim to make this an educational experience and you will receive feedback from experts on the submissions. For established researchers, it is a great opportunity to profile past, on-going and future projects.

    Please see the poster format below. You may also email FRANCINE at francinevt@gmail.com to send you the format. You have several different formats to select from. CHOOSE ONE LAYOUT. However, you are welcome to submit more than one poster with different topics. Please adhere to fonts, layout and do not change any of the headings and logo information on the poster. The poster content must include, in a concise format, all the main components of a research project (research question, motivation, methodology, outcomes, way forward etc.)

    The posters must be submitted by Friday the 30th of October. A committee will review the submissions. The projects presented must be aligned with the conference themes which are available in a downloadable brochure on the website. To be able to upload the posters to the shared dropbox folder, please send an email request to FRANCINE at francinevt@gmail.com - it is important to follow this procedure to guarantee inclusion!



    Monday, 23 November

    09:00 10:00 11:00 12:00 13:00 14:00 15:00 16:00 17:00 18:00 19:00 20:00
    Appropriate Technology For Medium-Scale Farms (ends Tuesday)
    PhD Colloquium (all day)
    Appropriate Technology For Medium-Scale Farms (ends Tuesday)
    PhD Colloquium (all day)
    Simulation game
    Opening Reception – Gibela/TUT partnership
    with Keynote by Gibela's J. Madau
    Welcome, Official conference opening & Virtual conference introduction
    with keynote by Minister of Higher Education, South Africa
    Opening of Tech Fair

    Tuesday, 24 November
    Theme: Empowering Women

    09:00 10:00 11:00 12:00 13:00 14:00 15:00 16:00 17:00 18:00
    Tech Fair
    Appropriate Technology For Medium-Scale Farms (ends Tuesday)
    Open building and appropriate technology
    Socially relevant research
    Appropriate Technology For Medium-Scale Farms (ends Tuesday)
    Keynote: Dr. Denise Morado Nascimento
    Women’s Business Matters
    Opening of Techathon

    Wednesday, 25 November
    Theme: Technology Exchange

    09:00 10:00 11:00 12:00 13:00 14:00 15:00 16:00 17:00 18:00
    Tech Fair
    Keynote: Fr. Godfrey Nzamujo
    Paper Session A
    Ethics & AT Manifesto
    Paper Session B
    Raspberry Pi for Prototyping
    Paper Session C
    3D Printing
    Techathon project discussion / feedback

    Thursday, 26 November
    Theme: Employment Creation

    09:00 10:00 11:00 12:00 13:00 14:00 15:00 16:00 17:00 18:00
    Tech Fair
    Keynote: Amb. Josepha Sacko
    Paper Session D
    Special Student Session
    Paper Session E
    Augmented Reality
    Indigenous Knowledge systems
    Techathon project discussion / feedback

    Friday, 27 November
    Theme: Community Empowerment

    09:00 10:00 11:00 12:00 13:00 14:00 15:00 16:00 17:00 18:00
    Tech Fair
    Keynote: Mr. Parsuramen
    Special Panel: Innovation for Liberation in Africa
    Paper Session F
    Special Student Session
    Keynote: Dr. Lynn Keeys
    Closing (includes the way forward with INAT and AT)


    Registration Fees

    Professional    2500 Rand
    Student    1000 Rand

    (See current currency conversion rates...)
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