10th International Conference on Appropriate Technology (10th ICAT)

    November 22-25, 2022
    Khartoum, Sudan

    Enhancing Peace and Governance through Appropriate Technology:
    Reimagining Sustainable Community Wellbeing in an Era of Global Climate Change

    The conference is hosted by the University of Khartoum (UofK) and co-hosted by Sudan University of Science &Technology (SUST)

    Update 5 December 2022: Download the extended post-conference programme.



    10th ICAT Proceedings

    Registration for the 10th ICAT

    Registration for the 10th ICAT is now open!

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    Please view registration fees and instructions using the "List of Registration Fees" button below.

    **Please note that Early Registration (10% discount) lasts until the end of September, followed by a normal registration period from 1st - 21st October (full registration fees). and for registrations after 21st October there is an additional 10%.**

    10th ICAT Scientific Review Committee

    #

    PC Member

    Organization

    Country

    1

    Aamir Dean

    Sudan University of Science and Technology

    Sudan

    2

    Akram Elkhalifa

    University of Khartoum

    Sudan

    3

    Amged Abdelatif

    University of Khartoum

    Sudan

    4

    Amira Osman

    Tshwane University of Technology

    South Africa

    5

    Ammar Babiker

    Sudan University of Science and Technology

    Sudan

    6

    Anas Showk

    University of Khartoum

    Sudan

    7

    Arig Bakhiet

    Sudan National Energy Research Centre

    Sudan

    8

    Brian Stephenson

    Qodesh Engineering

    USA

    9

    Charles Verharen

    Howard University

    USA

    10

    Christopher Papadopoulos

    University of Puerto Rico, Mayagüez

    Puerto Rico

    11

    Corinthias P. M. Sianipar

    Kyoto University

    Japan

    12

    Eitimad Ahmed

    Waves Eng. Co. Ltd / Arab Open University, Sudan

    Sudan

    13

    Excellent Chireshe

    Great Zimbabwe University

    Zimbabwe

    14

    Fatima Salaheldin Mohamad Ali

    Sudanese Knowledge Society

    Sudan

    15

    Gada Kadoda

    Sudanese Knowledge Society

    Sudan

    16

    Gamal Hamid

    University of Khartoum

    Sudan

    17

    Ibrahim Zakaria

    University of Khartoum

    Sudan

    18

    Ilesanmi Daniyan

    Tshwane University of Technology

    South Africa

    19

    Iman Abdelrahman

    University of Khartoum

    Sudan

    20

    Jephias Gwamuri

    Michigan Technological University

    USA

    21

    John Tharakan

    Howard University

    USA

    22

    John Trimble

    Tshwane University of Technology

    South Africa

    23

    Joseph Thomas

    Indian Institute of Technology, Madras

    India

    24

    Kelvin Willoughby

    HHL Leipzig Graduate School of Management

    Germany

    25

    Khumbulani Mpofu

    Tshwane University of Technology

    South Africa

    26

    Malathe Gamal Mahmoud Hamid

    University of Khartoum

    Sudan

    27

    Mammo Muchie

    Tshwane University of Technology

    South Africa

    28

    Marcel Castro-Sitiriche

    University of Puerto Rico - Mayagüez

    Puerto Rico

    29

    Marwan Adam

    Sudanese Knowledge Society

    Sudan

    30

    Mohamed Chouikha

    Prairie View A&M University

    USA

    31

    Muna Eltahir

    Omdurman Islamic University

    Sudan

    32

    Ogundiran Soumonni

    Wits University

    South Africa

    33

    Olukorede Adenuga

    Tshwane University of Technology

    South Africa

    34

    Rami Zeinelabdein

    University of Nottingham

    UK

    35

    Rofaida El Zubair

    Sudanese Knowledge Society

    Sudan

    36

    Safa Mohammed

    DAL Food

    Sudan

    37

    Sahl Yasin

    Sudanese Knowledge Society

    Sudan

    38

    Tanzeil Hashim

    Alchemy for Trading and Services Co. Ltd.

    Sudan

    39

    Taurai Mutanda

    Mangosuthu University of Technology

    South Africa

    40

    Thierry Yonga

    Tshwane University of Technology

    South Africa

    41

    Xavier Poshiwa

    Great Zimbabwe University

    Zimbabwe

    TABLES OF ORGANIZERS & SUPPORT TEAMS

    International Organizing Committee (IOC) – All are INAT Members

    #

    Name

    Organization

    Country

    1

    Brian Stephenson

    Passion of Hope International

    USA

    2

    Cadena Bedney

    Independent Consultant

    USA

    3

    Charles Verharen

    Howard University

    USA

    4

    Diran Soumonni

    University of the Witwatersrand

    South Africa

    5

    Gada Kadoda

    Sudanese Knowledge Society

    Sudan

    6

    Hattie Carwell

    Museum of African American Technology (MAAT) Science Village

    USA

    7

    Ilesanmi Daniyan

    Tshwane University of Technology

    South Africa

    8

    Jephias  Gwamuri

    National University of Technology/Great Zimbabwe University

    Zimbabwe

    9

    Jesse Bemley

    Joint Educational Facilities

    USA

    10

    John Tharakan

    Howard University

    USA

    11

    John Trimble

    Tshwane University of Technology

    South Africa

    12

    Khumbulani Mpofu

    Tshwane University of Technology

    South Africa

    13

    Mammo Muchie

    Tshwane University of Technology

    South Africa

    14

    Marcel J. Castro-Sitiriche

    University of Puerto Rico

    Puerto Rico

    15

    Mjumbe Poe

    University of Pennsylvania

    USA

    16

    Olukorede Adenuga

    Tshwane University of Technology

    South Africa

    17

    Taurai Mutanda

    Mangosuthu University of Technology

    South Africa

    18

    Thierry Yonga Chuengwa

    Tshwane University of Technology

    South Africa

     
    IOC Support – Conference Webpage Development and Administration


    Nada Mahmoud

    Sudanese Knowledge Society

    Sudan

     
    Local Organizing Committee (LOC) – All are from University of Khartoum and Sudan University of Science and Technology


    #

    Name

    University

    1

    Aamir Dean

    Sudan University of Science and Technology

    2

    Akram A. Elkhalifa

    University of Khartoum

    3

    Alla Isam Khidir

    University of Khartoum

    4

    Alnema B. K. Eltom

    University of Khartoum

    5

    Amel Bakhiet

    Sudan University of Science and Technology

    6

    Amged O. Abdelatif

    University of Khartoum

    7

    Aya A. Abdalrahman

    University of Khartoum

    8

    Safa Suliman

    University of Khartoum

    9

    Sahl Yasin

    Sudan University of Science and Technology

    10

    Shaza M. H. Mohammed

    University of Khartoum

    11

    Yousif J. A. Osman

    Sudan University of Science and Technology

    12

    Zeinb Y. A. Mohamed

    Sudan University of Science and Technology

     
    LOC Support Teams – All are from University of Khartoum

    #

    Name

    Team

    1

    Abubaker O. A. Obaid

    Media Team

    2

    Ahmed S. M. Elrayah

    Media Team

    3

    Amna M. K. Elamin

    Communication Team

    4

    Ayman O. E. Taha

    Media Team

    5

    Dahlia M. B. Elgali

    Media Team

    6

    Eilaf A. M. Hamdan

    Media Team

    7

    Marwa K. A. Abbas

    Media Team

    8

    Marwan M. E. H. Mohammed

    Media Team

    9

    Mirametta Botrous

    Communication Team

    10

    Mohammed Elkamel Mohammed

    Media Team

    11

    Walaa M. O. Ahmed

    Communication Team

     

    Enhancing Peace and Governance through Appropriate Technology: Reimagining Sustainable Community Wellbeing in an Era of Global Climate Change

    Background

    War and conflict seem to be endemic in many parts of the world, especially in Africa. This is often related to deep-rooted injustice, unequal development, and lack of good governance. Many people still lack access to clean water, sanitation, energy, reliable food and nutrition, healthcare, education, safe transportation, information and communication, and are also suffering the consequences of climate change. People are engaged in scientific research and development to address these problems, while pertinent indigenous knowledge also exists. In sum, this represents the transfer of knowledge for achieving community wellbeing. The 10th ICAT will focus on the dissemination of diverse experiences among motivated actors from a wide cross-section of society, exploring new frontiers and challenges from across the broad, interdisciplinary, diverse scope of Appropriate Technology, contributing to achieving a more equitable, sustainable, just and peaceful global community.

    10th ICAT Keynote Speakers

    Dr. Mohamed Abdelrahman Hassan is a writer, critic and graphic designer. He is as associate professor of criticism and human sciences in the College of Fine Art and Design at Al-Neelain University- Sudan. His work focuses on decoloniality of modern knowledge, and critique of modernity. Dr. Hassan’s most recent published book is Critique of the (Global) South Thought (2022).

    Dr. Myron N.V. Williams is an Associate Professor of Chemistry, at Clark Atlanta University, Atlanta, GA, USA. In 1980, he earned a B.S. in Microbiology (magna cum laude), at Howard University, Washington, DC, and went on to complete a Ph.D. in Biology at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA in 1989. He worked as a postdoctoral fellow at the International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology in New Delhi, India, and at the University of Georgia at Athens. He has held appointments as Adjunct Professor at the Winship Cancer Center at Emory University, and Mid-Career NHGRI Fellow at The Molecular Science Institute in Berkeley California.
    Dr. Williams has been a Fulbright Fellow at the Institut International d' Ingénierie de l' Eau et de l' Environment (2iE) in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso, and at the Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana during the 2021-22 academic year. Current research interests include appropriate technologies for improving biofuel production, waste disposal, climate smart agriculture, and use of low cost and local resources for education and industrial development in marginalized communities.
    Williams has been a member of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) for more than 30 years, and has held membership of at least 10 other scientific and educational societies.

    Mr. Deepak Gadhia is a leading technocrat and a pioneer in the field of Solar and Renewable Energy as well as Bio Gasification, and has earned international recognition for his accomplishments over the last 40 years. He started his career with Wacker Chemie GMBH in Germany but moved to India where he developed a number of world-renowned renewable energy projects.

    Among his notable accomplishments are:

    • Instrumental for the development of the first solar steam cooking system in India.
    • Installed the worlds’ largest steam cooking system, producing up to 50,000 meals per day.
    • Installed the highest altitude steam cooking system in Ladakh, producing 500 meals per day in -40°C temperature conditions for the Indian Army.
    • Installed the largest solar powered air-conditioning system (100-ton system) for the Kailash Cancer Hospital, in Goraj India.
    • Developed a 600m3 and 1000m3 BioGas system generating Compressed Natural Gas (CNG).
    • Recognized by the Clinton Global Initiative Foundation for outstanding work in the areas of renewable energy and recipient of many national and international awards.

    He is a popular speaker at International as well as National meetings and conferences on solar power, solar cooking, social techno-preneurship, community upliftment and sits on the board of advisors for a number of organizations including Solar Cooking International. Mr. Gadhia heads the solutions team and is Mentor to many start-ups under UNIDO CleanTech Global Cleantech Innovation Program (GCIP). He is a Director of MSA Renewtech Foundation, a social enterprise focused on renewable energy consultancy and whose Profits goes to Muni Seva Ashram, an NGO in which he is a Trustee. He is promoter and Chairman of Sunrise CSP India Pvt. Ltd., a 100% subsidiary of CSP Sunrise based in Australia active in solar based Thermal and Power applications including desalination projects globally.

    Mr. Deepak Gadhia holds a degree in “Process and Environmental Engineering” from TFH Berlin, and has obtained his Post Graduate Degree from TU Berlin, Germany & MIT of USA.

    For more Information

    Dr. Lilia A. Abron, P.E., BCEE, the CEO/President and Founder of PEER Consultants, P.C. (PEER) is a trailblazer, a History Maker™, an entrepreneur. She is the first African-American woman in the nation to earn a Ph.D. in Chemical Engineering and the first African-American to start an engineering consulting firm focused on the environment and its environmental issues. To help advance the condition of the impoverished sector worldwide using sustainability measures, Lilia also founded PEER Africa Western Cape, CC in 1995.

    PEER is a 44-year-old, full-service environmental and civil engineering consulting firm. In 1978, PEER was established under Dr. Abron's belief that humans and the physical environment are fully compatible and co-exist to mutually benefit one another. With headquarters in Washington, DC and additional offices in Baltimore, MD, Burlington, MA, and Clearwater, FL, PEER is strategically located to serve its clients throughout the U.S. Since 1978, the firm is focused on providing transformative, appropriate, and sustainable solutions for its clients’ challenging environmental problems. Through our focus areas – Water Engineering & Sciences; Environmental Management; Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy (EERE), Sustainability, & Resiliency – PEER provides professional services for the enhancement, maintenance, and restoration of the natural and built environments.

    In 1966, Dr. Abron graduated with a B.S. degree in Chemistry from Lemoyne College in Memphis, TN, with Distinction. In 1968, she earned her M.S. degree in Environmental and Sanitary Engineering from Washington University in St. Louis. In 1972, Dr. Abron obtained her Ph.D. in Chemical Engineering from the University of Iowa.

    Most recently, Dr. Abron has been inducted to the prestigious National Academy of Engineering (NAE) - election to the National Academy of Engineering is among the highest professional distinctions accorded to an engineer.  Dr. Abron has also been inducted into the notable American Academy of Arts & Sciences, and Tau Beta Pi, DC Alpha Chapter as an Eminent Engineer. She is also a member of the International Women’s Forum; Delta Sigma Theta, a social services sorority. She serves on the advisory boards of: College of Engineering, City College of New York; School of Engineering and Applied Sciences/ SEAS, Environmental and Energy Management Institute, both at George Washington University; Department of Energy, Environmental and Chemical Engineering, Washington University, St. Louis, Board of Trustees; LeMoyne-Owen College, Memphis, TN; and, President-Elect, The American Academy of Environmental Engineers and Scientists. 

    She is a proud resident of the District of Columbia, a District-registered Professional Engineer (P.E.), and a Board-Certified Environmental Engineer (BCEE).

    Ms. Sushma Patel is a South African registered professional architect, urban designer, lecturer and researcher.

    Sushma has a particular interest in the spatial fragmentation of South African cities and the need for increased density and integration close to the inner city. Her Masters in Urban Design dissertation and current Doctorate of Architecture proposal centres around these themes. She is also a published researcher in the field of the ‘urban laboratory’, a research field identified within the Department of Architecture and Industrial Design at the Tshwane University of Technology where she teaches. She is the head of Architectural Design 5, teaches Building Physics and Systems Design 4 and currently is the head of post graduate studies in the Department. She has been involved with many conferences locally and abroad.

    Sushma teaches full time at the Tshwane University of Technology. She has a Bachelor of Architecture (1997) and a Master of Urban Design (2017) degree, both from the University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg. As a student, Sushma participated in an exchange programme between the University of the Witwatersrand and the Academie van Bouwkunst in Rotterdam, the Netherlands. She has experience in working at several Dutch architectural practices as a stagiaire, including briefly at the office of Rem Koolhaas, OMA in 1996.

    Since graduating as an architect, she acquired 16 years of practice experience mainly in Cape Town, South Africa, during the period 1998-2012. She has worked with prominent architects Jo Noero, Heinrich Wolff, Aaron Wegmann and Luyanda Mpahlwa on socially significant buildings. During her time at ACG Architects, she worked on many social housing projects. She has contributed to the winning and built design of an architectural competition ‘10x10’, a low-cost housing scheme in Mitchell’s Plain by MMA Architects.

    Sushma has gained insight into the policies and workings of state institutions while working at the National Department of Public Works as Chief Architect during the period 2013-2015. Sushma is a past board member of the South African Council for the Architectural Profession (SACAP), which regulates the profession, during the period 2015-2017.

    Dr Nashwa Eassa is Associate Professor of Physics at Al Neelain University, Sudan. She is undertaking a post-doctoral fellow in Nanophotonics group at Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University (NMMU), funded by the department of Research Capacity Development (RCD) at NMMU. She holds a Ph.D. in physics from the Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University, South Africa and Master of Science in Material Physics and Nanotechnology from Linkoping University, Sweden. Her current research interest lies in developing new technologies which:

    • Enable direct detection of heavy metals in water.
    • Synthesize and characterize self-assembled nanostructure.
    • Develop devices and sensing systems incorporating micro fabrication and nanotechnology.

    Awards

    • Honored Doctorate, Linkoping University, Sweden, 2019.
    • Elsevier Foundation awards in Mathematics and Physics, 2015.
    • AGNES Grant for Junior Researchers - supported by AvH and TWAS, 2014.
    • Research Capacity Development fellowship (RCD), Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University South Africa, 2013.
    • Organization for Women Scientists for the Developing World (OWSD) Fellowship, 2008.
    • One of ~550 young scientists selected worldwide to attend the 62nd Lindau Nobel Laureate Meeting, 2012.
    • Most outstanding poster presentation award in field of material science delivered at SAIP, South African, 2009.
    Memberships
    • Founder & President of Sudanese Women in Sciences Orgnization (SWSO).
    • Vice-president of Arab Reigon of Orgnization for Women Scientist in Developing word(2016-2020)
    • Member of South African Institute physics (SAIP).

    Dr Guma Kunda Komey is associate professor of Political Geography, Peace and Development Studies, consultant, and civic activist. His areas of research and activism include peace, conflict resolutions, land rights, natural resource governance, and state-society relations. He has carried research projects, consultancies, and publications on those issues, with special reference to the Nuba Mountains in South Kordofan: https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Guma-Kunda-Komey. He is an author of a book Land, Governance, Conflict, and the Nuba of Sudan, 2021
    Komey obtained a B.A. (Honors) in Human Geography from the University of Khartoum in 1987; an MA in International Development Economics from the Graduate School of International Relations at the International University of Japan in 1991, a Ph.D. in Economic Geography from the University of Khartoum, Sudan. He was a post-doctoral researcher in Institute of Social Anthropology and   a senior research fellow at the Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology in Germany (2005 -2012). He was a visiting professor in several Universities and Institutes including, the Universities of San Francisco and Texas in USA, Bergen in Norway, Durham in UK, Witwatersrand in South Africa, and Life and Peace Institute in Sweden. He was senior researcher at Institute of Peace and Security Studies, University of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 2013 – 2014, and senior fellow at the Rift Valley Institute since 2013 to the present.
    Dr Komey served as Peace Advisor in the Office of the Prime Minister Dr Abdalla Hamdok, 2020 -2021; and is currently the Head of Peace Programs Office of The Carter Center (TCC) in Khartoum, Sudan.

    In 2021, John Trimble retired as a professor in Industrial Engineering at Tshwane University of Technology (TUT).  From 2015-2016, he served as a Fulbright professor at TUT, while collaborating with the South African Post Office on postal innovation.  In 2003-2004, he served as a Fulbright Professor in computer science in Zimbabwe. From 1996 to 2015, he worked in the Systems and Computer Science department at Howard University in Washington DC.

    He holds a Ph.D. in Industrial and Systems Engineering from Georgia Institute of Technology, a M.Sc. in Operations Research from UC Berkeley, a M.Sc. in Computer Science from Stanford University, and B.Sc. in Engineering from Northwestern University.  He is the founding president of the International Network on Appropriate Technology (INAT) and has coordinated nine international conferences on appropriate technology (all in Africa).

    Professor Trimble has held numerous management positions in industry.  He was manager of Software Quality Assurance at the Advanced Products Division of HP; Manager of Engineering Quality Assurance for the Communications Products division of Amdahl and Software Testing manager for Xerox, Communications Division (all in the USA).

    Since joining the academy, he has served as Head of Department, Dean, and Director of Graduate Studies.  Prof. Trimble coordinated the development of the Ph.D. program in computer science at Howard University.  He has engaged in curriculum development on the international level at University of the Western Cape and TUT in South Africa; the National University of Science and Technology in Zimbabwe, and Umutara Polytechnic University in Rwanda.  While serving as Dean at Umutara, he coordinated the development of a new computer science curriculum that led to the university’s acceptance as a national university.  While in Rwanda, he also worked with the Ministry of Higher Education reviewing curriculum at other universities.Since joining the academy, he has served as Head of Department, Dean, and Director of Graduate Studies.  Prof. Trimble coordinated the development of the PhD program in computer science at Howard University.  He has engaged in curriculum development on the international level at University of the Western Cape and TUT in South Africa; the National University of Science and Technology in Zimbabwe and Umutara Polytechnic University in Rwanda.  While serving as Dean at Umutara, he coordinated the development of a new computer science curriculum that led to the university’s acceptance as a national university.  While in Rwanda, he also worked with the Ministry of Higher Education reviewing curriculum at other universities.

    Keynote Talk

    Keynote Talk Slot

    Tuesday 22

    Wednesday 23

    Thursday 24

    Friday 25

    Morning

     

    9 – 10 am

    Deepak Gadhia

    9 – 10 am

    Sushma Patel

    9 – 10 am

    Afternoon

     

    2 – 3 pm

    Lilia Abron

    2 – 3 pm

    2 – 3 pm

    John Trimble

    5 – 6 pm

    Myron Williams

     

     

     

    Image

    Featured Workshops

    WORKSHOP TITLE : A GLOBAL ETHICS FOR APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY


    organizer: 
    Charles Verharen
    Discussants / Demonstrators: John Tharakan, Gada Kadoda, George Middendorf, David Schwartzman
    Abstract:
    This workshop will discuss a set of specific LEED-like ethical principles as a foundation for a global system of ethics for appropriate technology. LEED is the acronym for Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design. The LEED organization offers a green building rating system deployed throughout the world. Modeled on LEED certification, the discussion will start with the ethical principles of the Songhaï ecovillage model developed by Godfrey Nzamujo: autochthony (rooted in the physical and cultural soil of the ecovillage community); autonomy (relying on green energy and excluding chemical fertilizers and pesticides); and authentic (responsible for the survival and flourishing of all community members with outreach to surrounding communities). Building upon these three principles, the workshop will consider their compatibility with the United Nations Declarations of Universal Human Rights. The workshop’s conclusion will discuss whether a LEED-like ethical system for appropriate technology applications should be produced consensually by appropriate technology practitioners. While any given set of ethical principles may be a springboard for reflection, changing global circumstances call for constant revaluation of ethical principles capable of confronting contemporary existential crises such as catastrophic climate change and the sixth mass extinction.
    Objectives: Consensus on methodology for producing a set of global ethical principles for appropriate technology applications.
    Expected outcomes: Reshaping cultural convictions about the status of ethical foundations.
    Discussion Points OR Demonstration Areas:
    1. Comparison of LEED principles and ethical systems.
    2. Professor Godfrey Nzamujo's proposed 3 ethical principles.
    3.  Comparison with the Indian Muni Seva Ashram''s ethical principles.
    4. Examination of the foundations of the United Nations declarations of human rights.
    5. The possibility of a universal system of ethics for appropriate technology applications.
    Intended Audience: All ICAT 10 participants interested in the ethical principles of appropriate technology.
    Additional information:The ethics workshop is designed to complement the INAT ethics initiative on a ethics of appropriate technology. This is a two-hours workshop.

    WORKSHOP TITLE : WORKING WITH UNDERREPRESENTED GROUPS TO INFORM TECHNOLOGY GOVERNANCE & POLICYMAKING

     
    Workshop organizer: Lassana Magassa
    Discussants / Demonstrators: NA
    Abstract
    Although developing policies and technologies that are informed by the life experiences of underrepresented groups can reduce the likelihood of harm, it can be difficult to get started. Diverse Voices is a method developed to increase the probability that technologists and policymakers can integrate feedback from marginalized communities before an artifact is finalized. This in turn avoids, or at least reduces the likelihood of underrepresented groups being disproportionately harmed. This workshop will introduce the method, describe the method’s effectiveness, and provide hands-on experience with key aspects. Attendees will briefly explore how Diverse Voices can be used to generate feedback on proposed sustainable community wellbeing initiatives.
    Objectives
    1. To introduce the Diverse Voices method to attendees.
    2. To give attendees an opportunity to practice key parts of the method.
    3. Explore how the method can be used in the work attendees are currently involved in.
    Expected Outcomes
    1.Attendees will understand what gaps the Diverse Voices method is intended to fill.
    2. Attendees will be able to perform key aspects of the method.
    3. Attendees will explore how the method can be used in their local context
    Discussion Points OR Demonstration Areas
    1. Technology is often developed without the circumstances and needs of underrepresented communities in mind.
    2. Technology policymakers mean well, but sometimes fall short and create policies that disproportionately harm underrepresented communities.
    3. To properly consider how a particular technology or policy would negatively impact the life experiences of underrepresented communities.
    4. Diverse Voices accomplishes this by holding three to four expert panels, each with 3 to 6 participants on a mature draft of a policy document or technology.
    5. Panels that are convened after developing a list of all possible underrepresented groups that might be negatively impacted and finalized after discussion about who is least likely to be represented in conversations.
    6. Each panel will have a minimum of 2 people with lived-experience in addition to people (for example friends, family, lawyers, community aid workers, etc.) who support their experiences.
    7. In preparation for panel sessions, short videos and comic strips demonstrating the promise and peril of a technology or class of technologies are identified.
    8. Panel sessions are recorded, facilitated by two people, and transcribed.
        9. The transcribed audio files are analyzed with the discussed technology in mind. A synthesis document is prepared and shared with the author(s) of a policy document or technology.
    Intended Audience: Policymakers, Technologists, Community Advocates, Government
    Additional Information:This is a half-day workshop.

    WORKSHOP TITLE: ECOLOGICAL APPROACHES TO FOOD SECURITY AND PEACE IN THE SAHEL FROM THE SMALL HOLDER FARMER UP

     
    Workshop organizer: Passion of Hope International - USA
    Discussants / Demonstrators: Mariam Olorundare, Marwan Awad, Enayat Mohaker
    Abstract:
    The expansion of farming in traditional pastureland has resulted in desertification in the Sahel region with implied climate change and socio-economic instability. This has impacted the resilience of pastoral livelihoods and weakened regional livestock markets which rely on unrestricted mobility of herders. In turn, conflict-related crises have escalated, including violent extremism and forced displacement in some countries.This workshop intends to bring key stakeholders into dialogue in addressing the issues which underline these regional instabilities. The objectives of the workshop are to explore the role governments should play in regional agricultural policy and land use management. The workshop has the following outcomes:
    1. Discussion between farmers and cattle herders which leads to collaboration and peaceful economic co-existence.
    2. Recommendations on agricultural policy and land use management to government which are environmentally sustainable, support regional economic resilience, increase food security, and minimize existing tensions between key stakeholders.
    3. Introduction of appropriate technologies which embrace regenerative agriculture, peer-to-peer cooperation, and value-addition for increased financial success.
        4. Facilitation of ongoing constructive discussions between key stakeholders which promotes environmental and economic stability in the Sahel regions and beyond.

    Discussion Points OR Demonstration Areas:

    1.How can appropriate technology knowledge reach rural farmers?
    2.Creating value for farm products and getting it to the market
    3. Financial opportunities for farmers and how it can be accessed.
    4.Agricultural sustainability through forestry recovery.
    5. Risk of rain distribution and floods. Water harvesting model.
    6.  Water harvesting model.
    Intended Audience: Stakeholders in the Sahel regional economy (small-holder farmers, cattle herders, commercial-scale farmers, traders, students, financial institutions, and government policy makers).
    Additional Information: This workshop will be hosted virtually for two days prior to the in-person/hybrid workshop.

    WORKSHOP TITLE : 3D Printing Fundamentals: Getting Started on Printer Configuration, Troubleshooting, and CAD file to Object Steps

    Workshop organizer:Jephias Gwamuri
    Discussants / Demonstrators :William Goriwondo
    Abstract: 
    This workshop aims to empower participants who own (or intent to) with the basic skills to enable them to derive the most value out of their 3D Printers. Among the topics to be discussed are: introduction to 3D printing, general; procedures for troubleshooting and CAD file development to physical object. The workshop will be help online and all participants are expected to have access to PC in addition to a reliable internet connection. 
    Objectives: To capacitate participants with basic 3D printing skills
    Expected Outcomes: Increased adoption and usage of 3D printing technologies by universities and communities.
    Discussion Points OR Demonstration Areas:
    1. Why 3D Printing?
    2. Who should own a 3D Printer?
    3.  Selecting CAD Software. What should one consider?
    Intended Audience: All innovators and promoters of the 4IR

    WORKSHOP TITLE: SUSTAINABLE COMPUTING USING THE RASPBERRY PI PLATFORM

    Organizer: Jesse L. Bemley, Ph.D. Joint Educational Facilities
    Names of Other Discussants OR Demonstrators: Bryan Bemley, Anthony Adedoyin, Olaoluwa Adewoye
    Abstract
    Since the dawn of the technological age, computers have enabled the human race to achieve major milestones in all aspects of our lives. However, the digital divide, the gulf between those who have ready access to computers and the internet, and those who do not, has been a constant factor in areas around the world with limited resources. Organizations such as the Raspberry Pi foundation are developing the means to provide a bridge over this divide by providing low-cost equipment and resources for people who want to learn more about technology and its applications to society. This presentation will introduce the Raspberry Pi platform as a sustainable technology platform, and attempt to inspire people to  embrace this platform to learn more about technology. Additionally, the following Raspberry Pi models will be explored with multiple use-cases for sustainable technology and everyday use: Raspberry Pi, Raspberry Pi 2, Raspberry Pi 3, Raspberry Pi 4, Raspberry Pi 400, and Raspberry Pi Zero.
    Objectives
    1. To introduce the Raspberry Pi platform,
    2. To identify the current Pi models that are available,
    3. To provide a few use cases where this platform can excel
    Expected Outcomes
    1. Participants will be able to discuss the components of a Raspberry Pi system.
    2. Participants will be able to identify and discuss the several Raspberry Pi Models.
    3.  Participants will be able to discuss how they can use a Raspberry Pi.
    Discussion Points OR Demonstration Areas
    there will be a PowerPoint presentation, as well as visual aids showing multiple Raspberry Pi models, and a Raspberry Pi 400 Demonstration at the end of the presentation.
    Intended Audience : Intended for all ages and backgrounds
    Minimum Time Required : Two Hours
    The materials : Participants will be provided with a link for handouts.
    Additional Information
    JEF would like to provide a Raspberry Pi 400 as a prize for some activity at the end of the Workshop. Can you provide a suitable activity?

    WORKSHOP TITLE: COLLABORATIVE DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION WORKSHOPS BUILD LOCAL CAPACITY IN SOLAR OVENS AND SMALL WIND TURBINES ON SUMBA ISLAND, INDONESIA - USEFUL OUTCOMES FOR AUTONOMOUS RENEWABLE ENERGY GENERATION?

    Organizer: Tim Frodsham
    Names of Other Discussants OR Demonstrators:Tim Frodsham
    Abstract
    This work was undertaken to support local demand for improvements in utility, replicability, and affordability for small-scale hybrid energy for off-grid use in isolated settlements, with a particular focus in Eastern Indonesia, serving as a test case for wider applications in similar remote off-grid contexts in low-income areas. Surveys undertaken by partner researchers (Sumba Renewable Energy Group) as well as collaborative design and construction workshops were conducted to build local capacity for both renewable energy technology and more balanced gender function. The collaborative design sought to improve and diversify the generation and storage of two forms of renewable energy, respectively wind power, and solar thermal energy, in the form of a box-style solar oven.  These systems were subjected to a six-week trial, to ascertain baseline data for user behavior expectations, as well as basic functionality. 
    OBJECTIVES
    1. Improvements for small-scale hybrid energy for off-grid use in isolated settlements.
    2. Collaborative design and construction with balanced gender participation.
    3. Acquire baseline data for user behavior and expectations, as well as basic functionality.
     Expected Outcomes
    1. Improvements for small-scale hybrid energy for off-grid use in isolated settlements,
    2. Collaborative design and construction with balanced gender participation.
    3. Acquire baseline data for user behavior and expectations, as well as basic functionality. Acquire baseline data for user behavior and expectations, as well as basic functionality.
    Discussion Points OR Demonstration Areas
    1. Effectiveness of the use of local materials
    2. Implications of gender-balanced participation
    3. User behavior constraints versus opportunities
    Intended Audience
                Appropriate Technology makers, researchers Gender specialists, Social researchers, and Local economy-focused NGO interests.
    Time Required: Two Hours
    Materials: Pencils/pens, paper, whiteboard (for interactive discussions), PowerPoint projector equipment
    Additional Information
    Keywords for discussion ideas about this workshop:
    Low-Cost Technology Transfer, Climate impact adaptation, Gender Equity, Reproducibility, Cultural Exchange, International Collaboration.
     

    WORKSHOP TITLE : WASH (WATER. SANITATION AND HYGIENE) IN ELFASHER

    Organizer: El Fasher University College of Medicine Students
    Names of Other Discussants OR Demonstrators :  Mustafa Omer, Mehad Khalil, Mayada Yousif, Mustafa Abdoalrhman, Saif Elislam Adam
    Abstract
    The population growth of El Fasher city and the war that broke out in the Darfur region and caused the displacement of a large number of citizens inside El Fasher city exacerbated the problem of the lack of clean water suitable for drinking and use. Which led the citizens to save water in different ways to store water and reuse it in periods of water scarcity and water supply interruption from the main line. As a result, diseases and epidemics spread due to water pollution, in addition to some societal and behavioral practices of individuals related to the method of transporting and storing water and the cleanliness of the used containers, in addition to environmental reasons related to the nature of untreated water in the area, which is used by citizens directly without purification. This workshop aims to discuss common diseases associated with the use of impure water, as well as identifying environmental causes and societal practices that increase impure water and cause its pollution, and technical solutions to address and purify the water problem in the region.
    Objectives
    Discussing the water problem and its impact on the health aspect, and identifying community practices to reduce the water problem Diseases caused by the use of impure water.
    Expected Outcomes
    Finding solutions for water treatment focusing on the health, environmental, technical and social aspects
    Discussion Points OR Demonstration Areas
    1.Causes and water sources in the city
    2.The impact of water scarcity on society and how to deal with it.
    3.Diseases and the effects resulting from these habits.
    4.Suggested technical solutions that include all dimensions.
    Intended Audience :Those interested in public health, community health, the environment and appropriate technology
    Time Required :Two Hours

    Conference Programme

    Update 5 December 2022: Find the extended post-conference programme at the link above.
    The information below is for the 22-25 Nov programme.

    DAY 1: Tuesday 22 November [Venue: Faculty of Architecture, University of Khartoum]

    TIME (Central Africa Time) ROOM A ROOM B ROOM C ROOM D
    8 - 9 AM

    INVITED WORKSHOP (VII): Water and Sanitation

    WASH (WATER, SANITATION AND HYGIENE) IN ELFASHER

    Organizers: Mustafa Omer Mohammed, Mehad Khalil Adam Mohammed, Mayada Yousif Ibrahim Mansur, Mustafa Abdoalrhman Mohamed, and Saif Elislam Adam Musa Abdelkareem

    Join Room A

    INVITED WORKSHOP (II): Governance | Policy, Standards, and Ethics

    WORKING WITH UNDERREPRESENTED GROUPS TO INFORM TECHNOLOGY GOVERNANCE & POLICYMAKING

    Organizer: Lassana Magassa

    Join Room B

    INVITED WORKSHOP (III): Environment, Agriculture, and Ecovillages

    ECOLOGICAL APPROACHES TO FOOD SECURITY AND PEACE IN THE SAHEL FROM THE SMALL HOLDER FARMER UP

    Organizers: Brian Stephenson, Mariam Olorundare, Marwan Awad, and Enayat Mohaker

    Join Room C

    INVITED WORKSHOP (IV): Manufacturing

    3D PRINTING FUNDAMENTALS: GETTING STARTED ON PRINTER CONFIGURATION, TROUBLESHOOTING, AND CAD FILE TO OBJECT STEPS

    Organizers: Jephias Gwamuri and William Goriwondo

    Join Room D

    9 - 10 *Tea/Coffee
    10 - 11

    INVITED WORKSHOP (VI): Energy and Materials

    COLLABORATIVE DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION WORKSHOPS BUILD LOCAL CAPACITY IN SOLAR OVENS AND SMALL WIND TURBINES ON SUMBA ISLAND, INDONESIA - USEFUL OUTCOMES FOR AUTONOMOUS RENEWABLE ENERGY GENERATION?

    Organizer: Tim Frodsham

    Join Room A

    11 - 12
    12 - 1 *Lunch
    1 - 2

    INVITED WORKSHOP (V): Education, Knowledge, and Technology Transfer

    SUSTAINABLE COMPUTING USING THE RASPBERRY PI PLATFORM

    Organizers: Jesse Bemley, Bryan Bemley, Anthony Adedoyin, and Olaoluwa Adewoye

    Join Room A

    INVITED WORKSHOP (I): Governance | Policy, Standards, and Ethics

    A GLOBAL ETHICS FOR APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY

    Organizers: Charles Verharen, John Tharakan, Gada Kadoda, George Middendorf, and David Schwartzman

    Join Room B

    (continued) (continued)
    2 - 3
    3 - 4

    WELCOME RECEPTION Akram El Khalifa and Amel Bakhiet

    [Featuring Lyrical Poetry and Folk Dances by Students from Faculty of Education (University of Khartoum) Schools]

    Join Room A

    4 - 5

    KEYNOTE TALK (I)

    THE DELUSION OF (NEUTRALITY OF TECHNOLOGY): A CRITIQUE FROM A REGIONAL PERSPECTIVE

    Speaker: Mohamed Abdelrahman Hassan

    Moderator: Aya Aziz

    Join Room A

     
    5 - 6 PM

    KEYNOTE TALK (II)

    TOWARDS A MORE CIRCULAR ECONOMY: RECYCLING ORGANIC WASTES INTO BIOGAS AND FERTILIZER

    Speaker: Myron Williams

    Moderator: John Trimble

    Join Room A

    DAY 2: Wednesday 23 November [Venue: Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research, Khartoum]

    TIME (Central Africa Time) ROOM A ROOM B ROOM C ROOM D
    8 - 9 AM

    OPENING SESSION

    Conference Chair: Gada Kadoda, International Network on Appropriate Technology

    Chair and Co- chair, Local Organizing Committee:

    • Akram El Khalifa, University of Khartoum

    • Amel Bakhiet, Sudan University of Science and Technology

    Guest Speakers:

    • President, International Network on Appropriate Technology

    • Vice Chancellor, University of Khartoum

    • Vice Chancellor, Sudan University of Science and Technology

    Sponsors:

    • Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research

    • Gibela Research Chair

    Join Room A

     
    9 - 10 *Tea/Coffee

    KEYNOTE TALK (III)

    EVOLUTION OF SOLAR CONCENTRATOR TECHNOLOGY IN INDIA FOR THERMAL APPLICATIONS LIKE SOLAR COOKING, COOLING AND POWER GENERATION

    Speaker: Deepak Gadhia

    Moderator: John Tharakan

    Join Room A

    10 - 11  

    PAPER SESSION: Climate Change

    Chair: Taurai Mutanda

    26: INCREASE ATMOSPHERIC WATER GENERATING EFFICIENCY BY USING THERMOELECTRIC COOLERS CHIP AND ELECTROLYTE LIQUID
    Rumaisa Mohey Eldin Abd Elaziz Miki, Tahleel Mahmoud Idrees Abdelhafeez, Mustafa Ibrahim Yousif Ishaq, and Mohamed Ibrahim Salih Fadul

    105: MULTIPLE-CRITERIA DECISION ANALYSIS FRAMEWORK FOR WATER INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT PRIORITIZATION IN SUDAN
    Eiman M. Karar and Bouran Awad Hassan

    130: FACTORS AFFECTING SOLAR BOXCOOKER (SBC) TECHNOLOGY ADOPTION IN KHARTOUM STATE, SUDAN
    Mawahib E. Ahmed and Nouralla Y. Bakhiet

    186: ECOVILLAGE MODELS AS SOLUTIONS TO COMMUNITY VULNERABILITY TO HUNGER, DISASTERS AND DEVELOPMENT CHALLENGES IN AFRICA
    George Atisa, Sharon McIntyre, and Cecilio Ortiz-Garcia

    198: USING GEOSPATIAL TECHNIQUES TO ASSESS LANDUSE CHANGE DUE TO FLOOD HAZARD IN KOSTI LOCALITY, SUDAN
    Sona Mohammed Fadoul Mohammed

    213: BUILDING THE ELECTRICITY SECTOR IN SUDAN: ADDRESSING FAULT SCENARIOS IN SMART GRID
    Nahla Mustafa Ali

    Join Room B

    PAPER SESSION: Education, Knowledge, and Technology Transfer (I)

    Chair: Marwan Adam

    20: THE BAREFOOT WAY TOWARD “FREEDOM, PEACE, AND JUSTICE”: A QUIET REVOLUTION
    Gada Kadoda

    220: AFRICAN ETHICS AND AN IDENTITY FOR GLOBAL SUSTAINABILITY
    Enrico J. Wensing and Alexia J. Wensing

    72: RE-ENGINEERING ENGINEERING EDUCATION FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
    John Tharakan

    161: DEVELOPING RESILIENT COMMUNITIES: THE ROLE OF HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTES
    Walaa Ahmed and Akram Elkhalifa

    192: EQUIPPING FUTURE DESIGN ENTREPRENEURS WITH APPROPRIATE SMALL-BATCH MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGIES
    Oratile R. Mokgatla and Daniel Carstens

    195: DETERMINANTS OF SUSTAINABLE COMPETITIVENESS IN AFRICA: ANALYSIS WITH THE OPEN QUINTUPLE HELIX MODEL
    Bernadin Géraud Comlan Ahodode

    196: UNIVERSITY-INDUSTRY COLLABORATION, LEARNING, AND INNOVATION IN AFRICA
    Bernadin Géraud Comlan Ahodode and Joel Stephan Tagne

    Join Room C

    PAPER SESSION: Health

    Chair: John Tharakan

    12: SIGN LANGUAGE GLOVES (ARABIC SIGN LANGUAGE)
    Hamid Mohamed Hamid Mohamed, Mohamed Osama Omer Abuzaid, Tahleel Mahmoud Idrees Abd-Alhafeez, and Amin Galal Elhag Mohamed

    151: APPLICABLE INDUSTRY 4.0 – TECHNOLOGIES IN HEALTH 4.0: A REVIEW
    Meshack Mazibuko, Lagouge Tartibu, and Robert Mutyavavire

    185: USING DATA ANALYTICS TO PREDICT COVID-19 CASES IN SUDAN
    Aisha Abdel Aziz Elhussien Ali, Marwa Olaish Ahmed Khalafallah, Rugia Ismail Mohamed Ahmed, and Izzeldin Kamil Amin

    191: UNIVERSITY TO INDUSTRY: THE COMMERCIALISATION OF APPROPRIATE MEDICAL DEVICES IN THE SOUTH AFRICAN CONTEXT
    Dominic White and Ashton Margarete Moseley

    Join Room D

    11 - 12 PM

    PAPER SESSION: Sustainability, Social Inequality, and Human Wellbeing | Green Economy and Innovation

    Chair: Marcel J. Castro Sitiriche

    66: INTEGRATED DEPRIVATION AREA MAPPING SYSTEM FOR DISPLACEMENT DURABLE SOLUTIONS AND SOCIO-ECONOMIC RECONSTRUCTION, SUDAN
    Nuha Eltinay, Monika Kuffer, Caroline Margaux Gevaert, Inas M.M. Ali, Charlotte Flasse4, Cheruiyot Onyambu, Maysoon Badi, Asgad Gummah, Kumi Julia, Ibrahim Kushieb, Wafa Sakhi, Taha Elzaki, Mosub Abdallah8, Marwa Ali, Mustafa Hamza, and Fatima Ahmed

    162: APPROPRIATE METHODS TO ENSURE HOUSING PROVISION FOR THE LOW-INCOME GROUPS IN KHARTOUM, SUDAN
    Shaza Khatab and Mustafa, A/Bagi

    Join Room A

    PAPER SESSION: Water and Sanitation

    Chair: Sahl Yasin

    5: FLUORIDE REMOVAL FROM GROUND WATER IN THE EAST NILE AREA (SUDAN) USING LOCALLY AVAILABLE CHARCOAL Motwkel Mahmoud Ibraheem Alhaj and Bashir Mohammed Elhassan

    157: WATER QUALITY MODEL FOR BLUENILE KHARTOUM STATE- SUDAN USING HEC-RAS APPLICATION Alwaleed Seif Aldeen Khider, Khalid Altegani Khalid Abdallah, Mohamed Elfatih Mohamed, and Michael Magdy Mounir Kamel

    93: MODIFIED CERAMIC POT FOR WATER PURIFICATION METHODS IN RURAL AREAS IN SUDAN Sahl Yasin, Noha Almahi, Gameraldawola Mustfa, Haider Abaker, Rabei Suliman

    Join Room D

    12 - 1 *Lunch
    1 - 2

    PANEL: BEST PAPERS (I)

    • Cities and Space & Construction and Infrastructure
    • Energy and Materials
    • Health
    • Peace, Security, and Safety

    Moderator: Charles Verharen

    Join Room A

     
    2 - 3

    KEYNOTE TALK (IV)

    WASTEWATER TREATMENT AS IF PEOPLE MATTERED!

    Speaker: Lilia Abron

    Moderator: Hattie Carwell

    Join Room A

    3 - 4 *Tea/Coffee

    PAPER SESSION: Construction and Infrastructure | Cities and Space (I)

    Chair: Amged O. Abdelatif

    53: EXPERIMENTAL ASSESSMENT OF FABRIC- REINFORCED CEMENTITIOUS MORTAR (FRCM) MECHANICAL PERFORMANCES
    Alaa Mohammed Ali, Marco Di Ludovico, and Costantino Menna

    99: UTILIZING OF PLASTIC WASTE INTO MANUFACTURING OF PAVER TILES
    Ali Hussein M. Ali and Abdelmonim Adam Haroun

    167: THE EFFECT OF USING CEMENT DUST ON THE PROPERTIES OF MORTAR AND CONCRETE
    Ali Hussein M. Ali and Adel Salah A. Alrahim

    199: DESIGN OF PASSENGER CARS ASSEMBLY FACTORY IN NORTH OF KHARTOUM USING BUILDING INFORMATION MODELLING (BIM)
    Mohamed Elrashid Mohamed, Ahmed Mohamed Doul, Mohamed Yousif Mudawi, Naji Mohammed Othman, Mohammed Tagelsir Abdelsalam, and Aziz Fadoul

    23: ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE APPROACH FOR PREDICTING THE COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH OF CONCRETE MIXTURE
    Alziber Mohammed, Ayman Salah, Moayad Jamal, Omer Ali, and Yousif Hummaida Ahmed

    Join Room A

    TECHATHON

    Organizer: Mjumbe Poe

    Join Room B

    WORKSHOP: Education, Knowledge, and Technology Transfer (I)

    10: PLASTIC-FREE PERIOD: MENSTRUAL CUPS

    Organizers: Marwa Tageldin, Muna Abdelrahman, Maisaa Dean, and Aamir Dean

    Join Room C

    WORKSHOP: Governance | Policy, Standards, and Ethics (I)

    169: OPEN DATA SHARING PROTOCOL: A SUDANESE EXPERIMENT

    Organizers: Safa Suliman, Marwan Adam, Rofaida El Zubair, Gada Kadoda

    Join Room D

    4 - 5
    5 - 6 PM  

    DAY 3: Thursday 24 November [Venue: Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research, Khartoum]

    TIME (Central Africa Time) ROOM A ROOM B ROOM C ROOM D
    8 - 9 AM

    MEETING: INTERNATIONAL NETWORK ON APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY (INAT)

    Chair: John Trimble

    Join Room A

     
    9 - 10 *Tea/Coffee

    KEYNOTE TALK (V)

    APPROPRIATE SCALES OF ARCHITECTURE FOR THE AFRICAN ANTHROPOCENE

    Speaker: Sushma Patel

    Moderator: Akram El Khalifa

    Join Room A

    10 - 11

    PAPER SESSION: Environment, Agriculture, and Ecovillages

    Chair: Brian Stephenson

    28: MUTUAL RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN LAND DEGRADATION AND POVERTY IN SUDAN
    Mohammed Abdalla Elsheikh and Eltayeb Suleiman Babikir

    29: THE SMART JUBRAKA: A SUSTAINABLE HOME GARDEN FOR FOOD SECURITY
    Enayat Salih, Marwan Adam and Fatima Ali

    33: ELECTROCOAGULATION OF CATTLE MANURE WASTEWATER
    Bianca Bailey, Rabin Bhattarai, Tony Grift, and Sharvi Goyal

    35: EFFICACY OF CONSTRUCTED WETLAND IN THE IMPROVEMENT OF EFFLUENT FROM SOBA STABILIZATION PONDS, KHARTOUM, SUDAN 2021
    Ibrahim Ahmed Suliman Bdal, Babiker Ahmed Babiker, and Aziza abd Elgadir Mohammed Abd Ulla

    205: DESIGNING A PORTABLE TREATMENT SYSTEM FOR EQUIDS IN RURAL SOUTH AFRICA IN A POSTHUMAN-CENTRED DESIGN FRAMEWORK
    Azél Viljoen and Martin Bolton

    Join Room A

    PAPER SESSION: Construction and Infrastructure | Cities and Space (II)

    Chair: Aamir Dean

    110: PREDICTION OF SOIL’S COMPACTION CHARACTERISTICS USING ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORKS (ANNs)
    Mohamed Alhag Emad Mohamed, Alzobair Mohammed, and Ahmed Mohammed Elsharief

    120: REMARKS ON IDENTIFICATION AND APPROACHES OF PROTOTYPE BUILDINGS IN SUDAN_THE CASE OF PUBLIC SERVICES BUILDINGS
    Razan Abdelgadir, Rami Zeinelabdein, and Tallal Saeed

    134: SOLVING THE URBAN PROBLEMS FROM WITHIN: THE CASE OF MAYOUP
    Mirametta Botrous and Akram Elkhalifa

    206: ACHIEVING RESILIENCE IN COASTAL COMMUNITIES: A CASE STUDY OF JABAL AWLIYA LOCALITY, KHARTOUM-SUDAN
    Hanan Alswahli, Samah Tambal, and Mohammed Gismallah

    13: THE ROLE OF SUDANESE PRIVATE SECTOR IN PEACEBUILDING IN WASH SECTOR: INITIATION OF INFRASTRUCTURE FOR PEACE PRACTICES
    Bouran Awad Hassan

    Join Room B

    PAPER SESSION: Education, Knowledge, and Technology Transfer (II)

    Chair: John Trimble

    208: FOOD WASTE, NOT IN GOOD TASTE: AN INVESTIGATION OF THE CAUSES OF FOOD WASTE IN THE NATIONAL SCHOOL NUTRITION PROGRAMME
    Tressilia Mumba, and Hema Kesa

    152: COVID-RESPONSIVE STUDIO MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS IN ARCHITECTURAL EDUCATION: THE CASE OF UNIVERSITY OF KHARTOUM
    Duaa Abdalhaleem, Akram Elkhalifa, and Malathe Hamid

    52: CLOUDS OF LIES OBSCURE SUDAN’S SKY: POLITICS OF MISINFORMATION, DISINFORMATION, AND HATE IN TIMES OF TRANSITION
    Husam Mahjoub and Marwan Adam

    90: AN ASSESSMENT OF THE EFFECTS OF SOCIAL MEDIA ON LEARNERS AT NUST IN BULAWAYO, ZIMBABWE
    Sibangiso Ngwenya and Khesani Richard Chilumani

    207: PREDICTION AND ANALYSIS MODEL FOR ACADEMIC SCHOOL PERFORMANCE (SUDANESE PRIMARY SCHOOLS AS CASE STUDY)
    Safa Suliman, Asma Idris, Sara Mergani, and Duha Gaafar

    190: AN ANALYSIS OF IMPACT OF SEO FOR SUDANESE UNIVERSITIES WEBMETRICS RANKING, CASESTUDY: UNIVERSITY OF KHARTOUM WEBSITES
    Nada Ali

    Join Room C

    PAPER SESSION: Peace, Security, and Safety

    Chair: Charles Verharen

    17: KNOWLEDGE NETWORKING FOR EAST AFRICA CSO NETWORK FOR PEACEBUILDING AND CONFLICT PREVENTION (ECONET)
    Marwan Adam, Dalia Eissa, and Gada Kadoda

    197: REGIONAL SPATIAL STRATEGY AS A TECHNICAL TOOL FOR PEACE CONSOLIDATION IN SUDAN
    Salah Mahmoud Osman

    129: DECENT HOME DESIGN FOR RESETTLEMENT OF WAR DISPLACED IN DARFUR, SUDAN
    Fatimah Abubaker

    Join Room D

    11 - 12 PM

    PAPER SESSION: Governance | Policy, Standards, and Ethics

    Chair: Charles Verharen

    203: A VISION OF LEED-LIKE ETHICAL STANDARDS FOR A GLOBAL CONSORTIUM OF ECOVILLAGES Charles Verharen, Flordeliz Bugarin, John Tharakan, George Middendorf, David Schwartzman, Peter Schwartzman, Gada Kadoda, Bekele Gutema, and Enrico Wensing

    73: SUDAN ICT POLICY PLANNING: CITIZENS CENTRED, MULTI-STAKEHOLDER, AND MCDA FORMULATION FOR ICT POLICY
    Marwan Adam and Osama Khair

    217: PEOPLE-CENTERED EVALUATION OF INDUSTRIAL POLICIES IN POST REVOLUTION SUDAN 2019-2021
    Muzan Alneel

    Join Room D

    12 - 1 *Lunch
    1 - 2

    PANEL: BEST PAPERS (II)

    • Climate Change
    • Environment, Agriculture and Ecovillages
    • Water and Sanitation
    • Education, Knowledge and Technology Transfer
    • Governance & Policy, Standards, and Ethics

    Moderator: Taurai Mutanda

    Join Room A

     
    2 - 3

    KEYNOTE TALK (VI)

    NANO-MATERIALS FOR ENERGY APPLICATIONS & WOMEN IN STEM IN SUDAN

    Speaker: Nashwa Eassa

    Join Room A

    3 - 4 *Tea/Coffee

    FORUM: WOMEN IN STEM AND APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY

    Chair: Mariam Abdelghafour
    Professor, UNESCO Chair of Science, Technology, and I), Sudan University of Science and Technology

    PART I: Presentations (1 hour)

    STEM Sudan Projects:
    Hassan Baba
    Director, STEM Sudan

    1. Young girls in Scratch Project, 2022.

      Team: Ola Mohamed (15 yrs.), Doaa Saifeldin (14 yrs.), Sara Mutasim (12 yrs.), Siba Tageldin (13 yrs.) and Muzan Alfadel (12 yrs.)

      Supervisor: Yousif Alamin, Sudan University of Science and Technology.

    2. University students and fresh graduate group Project, 2019.

      Team: Rawah Hassan, Rihab Alsayed, and Marwa Salah

      Supervisor: Hashim Faisal, University of Khartoum.

    Featured Women Innovators:

    Maab Arbab Mohammed Elfadul
    Engineer, Cooperation International (COOPI) Organization, Sudan

    Safia Elfadni
    Medical Doctor and Entrepreneur, Alsalam Factory, Sudan

    PART II: PANEL (2 hours)

    Panelists:

    Hattie Carwell
    Vice President, International Network on Appropriate Technology, USA

    Iman Abuelmaaly Adelrahman
    Professor, University of Khartoum

    Amira Osman
    Professor, Tshwane University of Technology, South Africa

    Commentator:

    Weam Shawgi
    Feminist and Gender Defender, Sudan

    Join Room A

    PAPER SESSION: Energy and Materials

    Chair: Jephias Gwamuri

    219: SOLAR POWER FUTURES: BOTTOM-UP POWER
    Lyam Rivera, Javier Moscoso-Cabrera, Alexis Burgos-Rivera, Reiner Simshauser-Arroyo, and Marcel Castro-Sitiriche

    216: MICROALGAL BIOMASS AS BIOFACTORIES FOR THE PRODUCTION OF BIOENERGY AND BIOFUNCTIONAL COMPOUNDS FOR PHARMACEUTICAL APPLICATIONS
    Taurai Mutanda, Nicole Pillay and Akash Anandraj

    79: RENEWABLE ENERGY ALGORITHM TOOL FOR RURAL ELECTRIFICATION AND APPROPRIATE
    Robert A. García Cooper and Marcel Castro Sitiriche

    184: REAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS REQUIRING REAL SOLUTIONS: THE DEVELOPMENT AND APPLICATION OF INNOVATIVE BIOMATERIALS IN NEW PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT WITHIN INDUSTRIAL DESIGN EDUCATION
    Martin Bolton

    175: ANALYSIS OF ROOFTOP GRID CONNECTED SOLAR PV VS UTILITY SCALE PV POWER PLANT, SUDAN CASE STUDY
    Mahmoud Hassan Onsa, and Iman Onsa

    144: INNOVATIVE METHODS TO IMPROVE AERODYNAMIC PERFORMANCE OF SAVONIUS TYPE WIND TURBINE
    Mai K. H. Mohamed, Hadia I. E. Elhassan, and Eltayeb M. Eljack

    153: CONTROL OF DYNAMIC STALL ON A PITCHING AIRFOIL USING A LEADING-EDGE ROTATING CYLINDER
    Munib Zain, Elasim Elhaj, and Eltayeb Eljack

    141: AIRFOIL GUST LOAD ALLEVIATION USING A ROTATING LEADING-EDGE CYLINDER
    Ahmed M. A. AbdAllah, Moayed S. M. Hassan, Eltayeb M. Eljack.

    Join Room B

    WORKSHOP: Education, Knowledge, and Technology Transfer (II)

    7: HOW TO INCORPORATE A CITIZEN SCIENCE APPROACH INTO AT PROJECTS?

    Organizers: Gada Kadoda, Marwan Adam, Rofaida El Zubair, Safa Mohamed, Rawan Sharfi, Wadah Omer, Fatima Salah, Sahl Wasin, and Dalia Eissa

    Join Room C

    WORKSHOP: Governance | Policy, Standards, and Ethics (II)

    2: SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND INNOVATION APPLICATION TO BUILD GRAND HYDROELECTRIC GENERATION DAMS IN AND FOR AFRICA: THE CASE OF GERD

    Organizer:
    Mammo Muchie
    Professor, Tshwane University of Technology, South Africa

    Panelists:

    Asim El Magraby
    Professor, Environmental Science, Ecosystem Management and Conservation, University of Khartoum

    Muna Musnad
    Assistant Professor, UNESCO Chair in Water Resources, Omdurman Islamic University

    Adil Elkhidir
    Associate Professor, Water Research Center, University of Khartoum

    Join Room D

    4 - 5
    5 - 6

    PAPER SESSION: Technology R&D | Services Industry

    Chair: Jephias Gwamuri

    132: THE DEVELOPMENT OF AN APPROPRIATE ASSISTIVE DEVICE FOR WATER SAFETY TRAINING IN SOUTH AFRICAN SCHOOLS
    Wessel Wessels and Ashton Margarete Moseley

    46: WASTE WATER TREATMENT VIA ACTIVATED FLY ASH ADSORBENT
    Afaf Ghais Abadi

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    6 - 8 PM

    CONFERENCE DINNER

    DAY 4: Friday 25 November [Venue: Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research, Khartoum]

    TIME (Central Africa Time) ROOM A ROOM B ROOM C ROOM D
    9 - 10 AM *Tea/Coffee

    KEYNOTE TALK (VII)

    APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY, AND SUSTAINABLE PEACE AND DEVELOPMENT: A REFLECTION ON SUDAN

    Speaker: Guma Kunda

    Join Room A

     
    10 - 11

    PANEL: KNOWLEDGE PRODUCTION AND INNOVATION IN AFRICA

    Chair: Mohamed El Amin El Tom
    Professor; Former Minister of General Education (2019 – 2021)

    Panelists:

    John Trimble
    Professor, Tshwane University of Technology, South Africa; President of the International Network on Appropriate Technology

    Khalid Ali
    Engineer and Business Consultant; co-founder of Impact Hub Khartoum, Sudan

    Gussai H. Sheikheldin
    PhD; Research Fellow with STIPRO (Science, Technology and Innovation Policy Research Organization), Tanzania; and former Director of IRCC (Industrial Research and Consultancy Centre), Sudan (2020 – 2021)

    Khansa Alhag
    Engineer; Managing Partner of 249 Startups Sudan

    Yahia Holi
    Executive Office Manager, National Information Centre, Sudan

    Tanzeil Hashim
    PhD Candidate; Forensic Chemist, Sudan Forensic Laboratory

    Join Room A

    11 - 12 PM
    12 - 2

    LUNCH & PRAYERS BREAK

    2 - 3

    SCHOOL STUDENTS’ SESSION:

    This is an exhibition of SCIENCE PROJECTS and ART WORKS by students from the following organizations and schools:

    • STEM SUDAN
    • JUNIOR INNOVATORS
    • STEPS INTERNATIONAL SCHOOL

    Join Room A

    TECHFAIR SESSION:

    8: DUNIA AL-MADARIS: A PROJECT BLENDING APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY AND CITIZEN SCIENCE
    Gada Kadoda, Marwan Adam, Rofaida El Zubair, Safa Mohamed

    160: CONTROLLING FLOOD AND BENEFITING IN IRRIGATION PURPOSES AND IN GENERATION ELECTRICITY IN THE RIVER NILE Enas Bushra Homaida Ahmed, Maab Mohamed Ahmed Omer, and Maaz Omer Mohammedani Hamed

    61: ONLINE ELECTION DASHBORAD FOR CANDIDATES VOTING
    Safa Mohammed Ahmed Suliman and Iman Adam El Tayeb

    Join the virtual space

    POSTER SESSION:

    50: TUTI ISLAND – PROPOSALS OF SUSTAINABLE URBAN DEVELOPMENT
    Andrea Dung, Martin Speth, and Clemens Bonnen

    107: IMPROVING INCUBATION PROGRAMS MECHANISMS FOR CREATIVE IDEA TO ENHANCE PRODUCTION PROCESS
    Yahia Holi

    18: GOLD DETECTION USING REMOTE SENSING AND ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORK TECHNIQUES
    Ahmed Dawod M. Ibrhum, Moawia Elfaki Yahia Eldow, and Anwar F.A. Dafaalla

    94: THE USE OF RECYCLED SLAG STEEL POWDER IN FINGER PRINT PROCEDURE AFTER CHEMICAL TREATMENT
    Abdelazem E.A. Mohamed, Sahl Yasin, Abdelsakhi Suliman, Sara Eljaile, Mohammed A. Halato, and Siddig T Kafi

    148: NUMERICAL INVESTIGATION OF AIRFOIL DIPOLE NOISE DUE TO FLOW SEPARATION AND REATTACHMENT AT NEAR STALL CONDITIONS
    Mohamed G. H. Salih, Omer E. K. Mustafa, and Eltayeb M. Eljack

    154: NUMERICAL SIMULATION OF FLUID FLOW AND HEAT TRANSFER IN A PLANETARY GEARBOX
    Rawy J.M. Ibrahim, Ammar E.M. Elamin, and Eltayeb M. Eljack

    155: IMPROVEMENT OF AERODYNAMIC PERFORMANCE OF STRAIGHT-BLADED DARRIEUS WIND TURBINE USING BLADES EQUIPPED WITH MOVING SURFACE
    Abdelsalam Sharfy, Albraa S. S. Mohammed, and Eltayeb Eljack

    111: THE USE OF ANIMAL SENSOR DATA FOR PREDICTING ANIMALS’ ACTIVITIES USING MACHINE LEARNING
    Hiba ELjozouly AbdELwahab Mohamed

    60: DESIGN OF A PROSTHETIC KNEE-JOINT BASED ON 4BAR MECHANISM FOR AMPUTEES IN THE DEVELOPING WORLD
    Safa Elamin Mahmoud Hamad, Hanna Gasem Ahmed Abdalla, Mona Elemam Ali Sharf Aldeen, Fatima Galal Ahmed Elsayed, Mohamed Ibrahim Salih Fadul, and Altayeb Mobarak Altayeb Babeker

    103: USING OF A LOCAL HERB (CYMBOPOGON SCHOENANTHUS) AS APPROPRATE TECHNOLOGY FOR ENHANCE A HEALTH
    Salma Mohammed Alameen

    135: UNSATURATED FATTY ACID HINDERED PORPHYROMONAS GINGIVALIS PATHOGENICITY FACTORS
    Sara Ahmed Eltigani, Mohamed Mutasim Eltayeb, and Jiro Arima

    131: A COMMUNIYY-ORIENTED MOBILE APPLICATION MODEL FRAMEWORK TO CONTROL PRODUCTS PRICE
    Mathani Hajali

    Join the virtual space

    3 - 4 *Tea/Coffee
    4 - 5

    KEYNOTE TALK (VIII)

    APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY MANIFESTO AND TECHNOLOGY POLICY

    Speaker: John Trimble

    Moderator: Marcel J. Castro Sitiriche

    Join Room A

     
    5 - 6 PM

    CLOSING SESSION

    Chair: Gada Kadoda

    Join Room A

    Important Dates

    Initial Call for participation

    9 August 2021

    18 October 2021

    Abstract Submission deadline

    Submissions of abstracts to the 10th ICAT are now closed. 

    Notification of Acceptance

    8 November 2021

    31 January 2022

    Full paper Submission Deadline

    Note that this deadline has been extended from 10 January 2022

    Paper Review and feedback

    14 March 2022

    25 April 2022

    Final Paper Submission

    10th International Conference on Appropriate Technology

    22-25 November 2022

    SPONSORS

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    OTHER SPONSORS

    MINISTRY OF HIGHER EDUCATION AND SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH, SUDAN

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    GIBELA RESEARCH CHAIR, TSHWANE UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY, PRETORIA, SOUTH AFRICA

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    PARTNERS

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    Northern California Council of Black Professional Engineers (NCCBPE)

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