10th International Conference on Appropriate Technology (10th ICAT)

    November 22-25, 2022
    Khartoum, Sudan

    Enhancing Peace and Governance through Appropriate Technology:
    Reimagining Sustainable Community Wellbeing in an Era of Global Climate Change

    The conference is hosted by the University of Khartoum (UofK) and co-hosted by Sudan University of Science &Technology (SUST)

    Call-for-Applications for Community Projects

    We support practical community-based appropriate technology (AT) projects. Our vision is to promote innovative projects for sustainable development in Africa. AT projects are designed to comprehensively address environmental, ethical, cultural, social and economical aspects of a community. AT empowers people. AT approaches typically require fewer resources, are easier to maintain, have a lower overall long-term cost, and are ecologically balanced.

    In this 2022 funding cycle, we are seeking projects which align with the theme of 10th International Conference on Appropriate Technology: Enhancing Peace and Governance through Appropriate Technology: Reimagining Sustainable Community Wellbeing in an Era of Global Climate Change. Projects may address: community health and well-being, energy, water, sanitation, housing, land management, public policy, agriculture, knowledge management, and environmental health. Interested applicants are invited to submit project proposals for funding to the Projects Committee of the International Network on Appropriate Technology (INAT).

    Up to three projects will be selected with a total funding budget of $20,000, with a maximum of $8,000 per project. Allocation of funds to projects is dependent on the judgment by the Projects Committee.

    Submission Deadlines:

    September 16, 2022 -- One-Page Description

    November 4, 2022 -- Full Project Proposal 

    Applications are open to individuals, non-governmental organizations, and community-based organizations from any part of Africa. 

    For details about the submission guidelines and process:

    Registration for the 10th ICAT

    Registration for the 10th ICAT is now open! You can find full registration instructions below:

    **Please note that Early Registration (10% discount) lasts until the end of September, followed by a normal registration period from 1st - 21st October (full registration fees). and for registrations after 21st October there is an additional 10%.**

    10th ICAT Scientific Review Committee



    PC Member




    Aamir Dean

    Sudan University of Science and Technology



    Akram Elkhalifa

    University of Khartoum



    Amged Abdelatif

    University of Khartoum



    Amira Osman

    Tshwane University of Technology

    South Africa


    Ammar Babiker

    Sudan University of Science and Technology



    Anas Showk

    University of Khartoum



    Arig Bakhiet

    Sudan National Energy Research Centre



    Brian Stephenson

    Qodesh Engineering



    Charles Verharen

    Howard University



    Christopher Papadopoulos

    University of Puerto Rico, Mayagüez

    Puerto Rico


    Corinthias P. M. Sianipar

    Kyoto University



    Eitimad Ahmed

    Waves Eng. Co. Ltd / Arab Open University, Sudan



    Excellent Chireshe

    Great Zimbabwe University



    Fatima Salaheldin Mohamad Ali

    Sudanese Knowledge Society



    Gamal Hamid

    University of Khartoum



    Ibrahim Zakaria

    University of Khartoum



    Ilesanmi Daniyan

    Tshwane University of Technology

    South Africa


    Iman Abdelrahman

    University of Khartoum



    Jephias Gwamuri

    Michigan Technological University



    John Tharakan

    Howard University



    John Trimble

    Tshwane University of Technology

    South Africa


    Joseph Thomas

    Indian Institute of Technology, Madras



    Kelvin Willoughby

    HHL Leipzig Graduate School of Management



    Khumbulani Mpofu

    Tshwane University of Technology

    South Africa


    Malathe Gamal Mahmoud Hamid

    University of Khartoum



    Mammo Muchie

    Tshwane University of Technology

    South Africa


    Marcel Castro-Sitiriche

    University of Puerto Rico - Mayagüez

    Puerto Rico


    Marwan Adam

    Sudanese Knowledge Society



    Mohamed Chouikha

    Prairie View A&M University



    Muna Eltahir

    Omdurman Islamic University



    Ogundiran Soumonni

    Wits University

    South Africa


    Olukorede Adenuga

    Tshwane University of Technology

    South Africa


    Rami Zeinelabdein

    University of Nottingham



    Rofaida El Zubair

    Sudanese Knowledge Society



    Safa Thabit

    DAL Food



    Sahl Yasin

    Sudanese Knowledge Society



    Tanzeil Hashim

    Alchemy for Trading and Services Co. Ltd.



    Taurai Mutanda

    Mangosuthu University of Technology

    South Africa


    Thierry Yonga

    Tshwane University of Technology

    South Africa


    Xavier Poshiwa

    Great Zimbabwe University




    Enhancing Peace and Governance through Appropriate Technology: Reimagining Sustainable Community Wellbeing in an Era of Global Climate Change


    War and conflict seem to be endemic in many parts of the world, especially in Africa. This is often related to deep-rooted injustice, unequal development, and lack of good governance. Many people still lack access to clean water, sanitation, energy, reliable food and nutrition, healthcare, education, safe transportation, information and communication, and are also suffering the consequences of climate change. People are engaged in scientific research and development to address these problems, while pertinent indigenous knowledge also exists. In sum, this represents the transfer of knowledge for achieving community wellbeing. The 10th ICAT will focus on the dissemination of diverse experiences among motivated actors from a wide cross-section of society, exploring new frontiers and challenges from across the broad, interdisciplinary, diverse scope of Appropriate Technology, contributing to achieving a more equitable, sustainable, just and peaceful global community.

    Featured Keynote Speaker

    Mr. Deepak Gadhia

    Mr Deepak Gadhia is a leading technocrat and a pioneer in the field of Solar and Renewable Energy as well as Bio Gasification, and has earned international recognition for his accomplishments over the last 40 years. He started his career with Wacker Chemie GMBH in Germany but moved to India where he developed a number of world renowned renewable energy projects. Among his notable accomplishments are:

    • Instrumental for the development of the first solar steam cooking system in India
    • Installed the worlds’ largest steam cooking system, producing upto 50,000 meals per day
    • Installed the highest altitude steam cooking system in Ladakh, producing 500 meals per day in -40°C temperature conditions for the Indian Army
    • Installed the largest solar powered air-conditioning system (100 ton system) for the Kailash Cancer Hospital, in Goraj India.
    • Developed a 600m3 and 1000m3 BioGas system generating Compressed Natural Gas (CNG)
    • Recognised by the Clinton Global Initiative Foundation for outstanding work in the areas of renewable energy and receiptient of many national and international awards.

    He is a popular speaker at International as well as National meetings and conferences on solar power, solar cooking, social techno-preneurship, community uplifment and sits on the board of advisors for a number of organisations including Solar Cooking International. Mr. Gadhia heads the solutions team and is Mentor to many start-ups under UNIDO CleanTech Global Cleantech Innovation Program (GCIP).

     He is a Director  of MSA Renewtech Foundation, a social enterprise focussed on renewable energy consultancy and whose Profits goes to Muni Seva Ashram a NGO in which he is a Trustee.

     He is  promoter and Chairman of Sunrise CSP India Pvt. Ltd., a 100% subsidiary of CSP Sunrise based in Australia active in solar based Thermal and Power applications including desalination projects globally.

    Mr Deepak Gadhia holds a degree in “Process and Environmental Engineering from TFH Berlin and has done Post Graduate Degree from TU Berlin, Germany & MIT of USA.


    For more Information

    Featured Workshops


    Charles Verharen
    Discussants / Demonstrators: John Tharakan, Gada Kadoda, George Middendorf, David Schwartzman
    This workshop will discuss a set of specific LEED-like ethical principles as a foundation for a global system of ethics for appropriate technology. LEED is the acronym for Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design. The LEED organization offers a green building rating system deployed throughout the world. Modeled on LEED certification, the discussion will start with the ethical principles of the Songhaï ecovillage model developed by Godfrey Nzamujo: autochthony (rooted in the physical and cultural soil of the ecovillage community); autonomy (relying on green energy and excluding chemical fertilizers and pesticides); and authentic (responsible for the survival and flourishing of all community members with outreach to surrounding communities). Building upon these three principles, the workshop will consider their compatibility with the United Nations Declarations of Universal Human Rights. The workshop’s conclusion will discuss whether a LEED-like ethical system for appropriate technology applications should be produced consensually by appropriate technology practitioners. While any given set of ethical principles may be a springboard for reflection, changing global circumstances call for constant revaluation of ethical principles capable of confronting contemporary existential crises such as catastrophic climate change and the sixth mass extinction.
    objectives: Consensus on methodology for producing a set of global ethical principles for appropriate technology applications.
    expected outcomes: Reshaping cultural convictions about the status of ethical foundations.
    Discussion Points OR Demonstration Areas:
    1. Comparison of LEED principles and ethical systems.
    2. Professor Godfrey Nzamujo's proposed 3 ethical principles.
    3.  Comparison with the Indian Muni Seva Ashram''s ethical principles.
    4. Examination of the foundations of the United Nations declarations of human rights.
    5. The possibility of a universal system of ethics for appropriate technology applications.
    Intended Audience: All ICAT 10 participants interested in the ethical principles of appropriate technology.
    Additional information:The ethics workshop is designed to complement the INAT ethics initiative on a ethics of appropriate technology. This is a two-hours workshop.


    Workshop organizer: Lassana Magassa
    Discussants / Demonstrators:
    Although developing policies and technologies that are informed by the life experiences of underrepresented groups can reduce the likelihood of harm, it can be difficult to get started. Diverse Voices is a method developed to increase the probability that technologists and policymakers can integrate feedback from marginalized communities before an artifact is finalized. This in turn avoids, or at least reduces the likelihood of underrepresented groups being disproportionately harmed. This workshop will introduce the method, describe the method’s effectiveness, and provide hands-on experience with key aspects. Attendees will briefly explore how Diverse Voices can be used to generate feedback on proposed sustainable community wellbeing initiatives.
    1. To introduce the Diverse Voices method to attendees.
    2. To give attendees an opportunity to practice key parts of the method.
    3. Explore how the method can be used in the work attendees are currently involved in.
    Expected Outcomes:
    1.Attendees will understand what gaps the Diverse Voices method is intended to fill.
    2. Attendees will be able to perform key aspects of the method.
    3. Attendees will explore how the method can be used in their local context
    Discussion Points OR Demonstration Areas:
    1. Technology is often developed without the circumstances and needs of underrepresented communities in mind.
    2. Technology policymakers mean well, but sometimes fall short and create policies that disproportionately harm underrepresented communities.
    3. To properly consider how a particular technology or policy would negatively impact the life experiences of underrepresented communities.
    4. Diverse Voices accomplishes this by holding three to four expert panels, each with 3 to 6 participants on a mature draft of a policy document or technology.
    5. Panels that are convened after developing a list of all possible underrepresented groups that might be negatively impacted and finalized after discussion about who is least likely to be represented in conversations.
    6. Each panel will have a minimum of 2 people with lived-experience in addition to people (for example friends, family, lawyers, community aid workers, etc.) who support their experiences.
    7. In preparation for panel sessions, short videos and comic strips demonstrating the promise and peril of a technology or class of technologies are identified.
    8. Panel sessions are recorded, facilitated by two people, and transcribed.
        9. The transcribed audio files are analyzed with the discussed technology in mind. A synthesis document is prepared and shared with the author(s) of a policy document or technology.
    Intended Audience: Policymakers, Technologists, Community Advocates, Government
    Additional Information:This is a half-day workshop.


    Workshop organizer: Passion of Hope International - USA
    Discussants / Demonstrators: Mariam Olorundare, Marwan Awad, Enayat Mohaker
    The expansion of farming in traditional pastureland has resulted in desertification in the Sahel region with implied climate change and socio-economic instability. This has impacted the resilience of pastoral livelihoods and weakened regional livestock markets which rely on unrestricted mobility of herders. In turn, conflict-related crises have escalated, including violent extremism and forced displacement in some countries.This workshop intends to bring key stakeholders into dialogue in addressing the issues which underline these regional instabilities. The objectives of the workshop are to explore the role governments should play in regional agricultural policy and land use management. The workshop has the following outcomes:
    1. Discussion between farmers and cattle herders which leads to collaboration and peaceful economic co-existence.
    2. Recommendations on agricultural policy and land use management to government which are environmentally sustainable, support regional economic resilience, increase food security, and minimize existing tensions between key stakeholders.
    3. Introduction of appropriate technologies which embrace regenerative agriculture, peer-to-peer cooperation, and value-addition for increased financial success.
        4. Facilitation of ongoing constructive discussions between key stakeholders which promotes environmental and economic stability in the Sahel regions and beyond.

    Discussion Points OR Demonstration Areas:

    1.How can appropriate technology knowledge reach rural farmers?
    2.Creating value for farm products and getting it to the market
    3. Financial opportunities for farmers and how it can be accessed.
    4.Agricultural sustainability through forestry recovery.
    5. Risk of rain distribution and floods. Water harvesting model.
    6.  Water harvesting model.
    Intended Audience: Stakeholders in the Sahel regional economy (small-holder farmers, cattle herders, commercial-scale farmers, traders, students, financial institutions, and government policy makers).
    Additional Information: This workshop will be hosted virtually for two days prior to the in-person/hybrid workshop.

    WORKSHOP TITLE : 3D Printing Fundamentals: Getting Started on Printer Configuration, Troubleshooting, and CAD file to Object Steps

    Workshop organizer:Jephias Gwamuri
    Discussants / Demonstrators :William Goriwondo
    This workshop aims to empower participants who own (or intent to) with the basic skills to enable them to derive the most value out of their 3D Printers. Among the topics to be discussed are: introduction to 3D printing, general; procedures for troubleshooting and CAD file development to physical object. The workshop will be help online and all participants are expected to have access to PC in addition to a reliable internet connection. 
    Objectives: To capacitate participants with basic 3D printing skills
    Expected Outcomes: Increased adoption and usage of 3D printing technologies by universities and communities.
    Discussion Points OR Demonstration Areas:
    1. Why 3D Printing?
    2. Who should own a 3D Printer?
    3.  Selecting CAD Software. What should one consider?
    Intended Audience: All innovators and promoters of the 4IR

    Important Dates

    Initial Call for participation

    9 August 2021

    18 October 2021

    Abstract Submission deadline

    Submissions of abstracts to the 10th ICAT are now closed. 

    Notification of Acceptance

    8 November 2021

    31 January 2022

    Full paper Submission Deadline

    Note that this deadline has been extended from 10 January 2022

    Paper Review and feedback

    14 March 2022

    25 April 2022

    Final Paper Submission

    10th International Conference on Appropriate Technology

    22-25 November 2022


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